History of Palmyra

Palmyra is an ancient city, located in the Syrian desert, known as the "Badia Al Sham". It is located 243 km away from the Syrian capital Damascus. It is surrounded by mountains and a green area with trees. As for its name, it has no definite meaning, and appeared at the beginning of 2000 BC. Almost, and some views that its name may be derived from the triple act (Damar), which means fever, and known in ancient times in the name of the Roman (Palmira) , to refer to the surrounding palm trees. The history of Palmyra is a group of historical periods that went through Palmyra and contributed to the growth and development of civilization in it, and this is what made it preserve its archaeological remains to this day, and from the historical stages that affected Palmyra: the prehistoric era there are indications in the land of Palmyra indicating the existence Since the Bronze Age, excavations have found artifacts from Palmyra in the Anatolia region of Turkey, and other texts have been discovered in the cities of Mary and Iimar near the Euphrates River, and indicate some of these texts that her name prese J used in the Assyrian era. After the Romans occupied the area where Palmyra was located, they used it as a commercial city to link their trade with the Persians, named after the Roman Emperor Hadrian, on behalf of the Free City; for it depended on its own laws, even with its connection to the Roman Empire. Tadmor saw commercial expansion and civilization. advanced architecture, but lost the Romans destroyed, the Persians after the occupation of her; because of the geographical location. The Arab ruler, Uhayna, was able to recover Palmyra but was killed in mysterious circumstances. His wife, Queen Zanobia, took control of Palmyra and conquered many areas until she reached the limits of her control of Egypt, but fought a war with the Roman Empire. Christianity, many temples in Palmyra were converted into churches. The era of Arab rule enabled the Ghassan Arabs to take control of Palmyra after their alliance with the Romans, and the companion Khalid ibn al-Walid - may Allah be pleased with him - opened the Palmyra in 634 AD and ruled by the Umayyads and those who worked on its development, flourished in their era, but neglected during the Abbasid period, From a thriving city to a village, but preserved all its important archaeological components, and remained so until Syria gained its independence. The discovery of Palmyra Many European travelers came to the story of Palmyra, prompting them to travel from their own countries, such as the Italian traveler Delafali. The Russian explorer Lazarev discovered its financial system in 1881, and in 1924, Danish Ingolate. Many of the historic buildings in Palmyra have been restored, with much of the remains hidden in the desert still being discovered.

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