The oldest historical and archaeological cities

The ruins of Palmyra Palmyra is an ancient city located in Syria and is today one of the most important historical and historical cities in the world. The city was associated with the name of Queen Zenobia, which ruled it, and flourished greatly in its time. The city was the center of commercial caravans between the Levant and Mesopotamia, [1] where it was located on the Silk Road. The city was called the New Athens, [2] the city was named the Bride of the Desert, [1] and the Palms, the city. The name Palmyra is the name that the prehistoric peoples put on the site and is still used today. [3] Palmyra Monument Site The ruins of the ancient city of Palmyra are located in the Syrian desert, which is today called the Syrian province of Homs. The site is located northeast of the Syrian capital Damascus, [4] where the ruins of the Syrian capital are located 235 km. [5] An oasis located in the middle of the desert and characterized by a large number of palms. [4] Historically, the city of Palmyra, Which took place in the Levant to the west, and the Parthian Empire that was established in Mesopotamia to the east. [6] The coordinates of the city extend between '5' 33 ° 34 North and '5' 16 ° 38 East. [7] The city to the era of the Prophet Solomon, where it was mentioned in the book of the Gospel, is described as the desert that Solomon carried Linha. It was mentioned with Joseph in her name (Palmyra), the city built by Joseph. [8] In the first century AD, the city of Palmyra was under Roman rule and was ruled by Emperor Tiberius. In AD 129 Emperor Hadrian visited the city and declared it an independent city, which was called Cologne, and was exempted from taxes. The city flourished in the second and third centuries AD, and became an important trade center. After the fall of the Parathic state, the city faced some difficulties in trade routes. The Romans appointed Septimus Othina as King over Palmyra, and was named the governor of the East. [3] After his appointment as governor of the city, Emperor Septimus Authina and his son were assassinated. The city flourished in its heyday and became famous as a major trading center. Under its rule, the city declared its full independence from the Roman state and took control of a large part of the city of Anatolia in 270 AD, but Emperor Aurelian soon restored Anatolia 272 AD, and destroyed the city of Palmyra the following year. [3] Despite its devastating events, the city continued to be a major center on the Diocletian route, which connected Damascus with the Euphrates River in Iraq. In 634 AD, the Caliph Abu Bakr sent the Islamic conquests to the city led by the companion Khalid bin al-Walid, and the Muslims opened them. [3] In 1785 several European missions visited the city to explore and document its civilization. [9] The most important ancient monuments in Palmyra The city of Palmyra contains archaeological and archaeological sites dating back to ancient civilizations built on its land. Palmyra is one of the most beautiful buildings in the east, and the city is currently dependent on tourism and its historical and cultural importance. The city of Palmyra was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980. [4] The most important monuments in Palmyra include: Temple of Bell: It is the most important religious building in the first century AD in the Middle East. [10] Arc de Triomphe: the most famous teacher in the city of Palmyra, one of the most famous architectural buildings in the world, has three arches, the road that up to the temple of Bel. The arch was built in the reign of the Roman emperor Septemus Severus, who ruled the city from 193 to 1111. [11] The Nabu Temple Nabu is a god of Mesopotamia, the symbol of wisdom and prophecy. The temple houses an altar, a basket, and its entrance with columns of propylene. The length of the temple is 20 meters long and 3 meters high. [12] Aghora: A rectangular square, 71 meters long and 48 meters wide, built in the second century AD. [12] Baal Shmin Temple: An ancient temple of the Canaanite god Baal Shemin. The temple dates back to the first century AD, and the temple was renovated several times. [12] Museum of Folklore : The museum contains a large collection of monuments and art found in the city of Palmyra, and contains many statues; rich families were honored by sculpted statues. [12] Valley of Graves: The valley contains a large collection of royal tombs, tomb Amliko. [12] columns Street: an i This street is 1.2 km long and contains the Arc de Triomphe, and at the end there is the Nabo Temple. [12] Theater: The theater dates back to the second century AD, where there are facilities for the masses and representative rooms. [12] An organization calling for control of the city of Palmyra, and the city and its effects under the threat of destruction. In August of that year, the organization launched photographs showing the destruction and detonation of many of the city's famous monuments, including the Temple of Baal Shemin and the Temple of Bell. [3] Several tombs in the Wadi al-Qabur


Popular posts from this blog

Syria traces

Tourist cities in Europe

Where are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon