Syria traces

Syria The Syrian Arab Republic, with its capital Damascus, is located in the western part of the continent of Asia. It comprises fourteen governorates and occupies an area of ​​185180 square kilometers. This is due to the fact that it is referred to as a number of novels in which it is said to belong to the Assyrian Kingdom, another novel says it is due to Sam the son of Noah, peace be upon him, and here was named the capital to the Levant, and the discoveries and historical studies have shown that Syria is one of the oldest countries, which included human impact, as dating back to more than two million years, civilizations that have multiplied rolled on its territory, Kelhoudarh Alar The Ottoman Empire, which ended at the end of the First World War, and was subjected to French occupation, but declared independence in 1920. There was a demand for Syria because of its strategic location and fertile land, and as a result it contains many historical monuments, and in this article we will talk about the most important Syrian monuments. The Umayyad Mosque The Umayyad Mosque is located in the center of the old city of Damascus, where it was a market for goods in antiquity. It became a Aramaic temple of the God of Aleppo. In the first century AD, when the Roman Empire On Syria, built a temple for their gods called Jupiter, then it was developed to turn into a Roman church. With the entry of the Islamic Caliphate into Syria, specifically in the Umayyad Caliphate, the church was divided into two halves, the other half was converted into a mosque, Umayyad Walid b Abdul Malik transform construction completely into a mosque, and it took him about 10 years, and the Pthoith mosaics, was in the year 705 AD. The Umayyad Mosque includes four domes, one large and three others in the courtyard of the mosque, and has three minarets and four doors. It is worth mentioning that in 2001, Pope John Paul II entered this mosque, and this incident was unique, Which is entered by Christian clergy in modern times. The monastery of Mar Musa al-Habashi This monastery is followed by the Syriac Church. It was built in the 6th century AD and is located in the area of ​​Al-Kalamoun, about 80 km away from the Syrian capital Damascus in the northern part. It is characterized by its beautiful design and distinctive frescoes and drawings. Crosses carved and hanging on the doors of the church in the monastery, it is worth mentioning that this monastery was renovated and in 1556. The monastery contains three corridors along its length from the west to the east, which contain the large mihrab. It also has a dome with a large window. Damascus Castle This castle was named after its place of residence. It is located on the northern side of the Syrian capital of Damascus. The historical castle is about 33,176 square meters. It was built by Attz ibn Awq in 1076 CE under the Seljuk Kingdom. This fortress was expanded by the brother of Salah al-Din King Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, where the caliphate was located. However, after the caliphate was transferred to Egypt and the Mamluk caliphate in 1506, the castle became the seat of the rulers when they came to examine the situation in Syria. The castle surrounds a 20-meter trench, and I have

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Tourist cities in Europe

Where are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon